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Beneficiile esteticii dentare

estetica dentara
Dentist.ro | 22.10.2010



Etapele infrumusetarii danturii sunt diferite de la un pacient la altul iar daca vrem sa fim in centrul atentiei, cu siguranta zambetul trebuie sa fie stralucitor si sa nu fie in defavoarea aspectului facial.

Componentele esteticii sunt: fatetele, albirea dentara, bijuteriile dentare, igienizarea si coroanele ceramice din portelan.

Dintre metodele de tratament disponibile, fatetele de ceramica asigura transformarea cea mai spectaculoasa intr-un interval scurt de timp.


Estetica dentara prin fatete de portelan

Fatetele de portelan sunt lipite pe suprafata vizibila a dintilor pentru a imbunatati aspectul lor. Ele sunt de obicei utilizate pentru a modifica forma, dimensiunea, culoarea sau pozitia dintilor. De asemenea, ele pot fi utilizate pentru a inchide spatiul dintre dinti atunci cand pacientul nu accepta tratament ortodontic. Totusi numai medicul dentist este in masura sa stabileasca daca fatetarea este o masura potrivita de tratament in cazul dumneavoastra.

Pentru realizarea unei fatete sunt necesare de obicei doua vizite la medicul dentist. In timpul primei sedinte, medicul va reduce aproximativ 0,5mm din grosimea smaltului pe fata vizibila a dintilor. Aceasta interventie de obicei nu necesita anestezie datorita cantitatii minime de substanta dentara inlaturata. Totusi, in cazul in care se observa o sensibilitate crescuta a dintelui, se poate face anestezie locala.

Esentiala este o igiena dentara corecta, pentru a evita aparitia cariilor sau a inflamatiei gingivale.


Estetica dentara prin albirea dentara

Se foloseste in scopul obtinerii unei nuante mai deschise in cazul albirii dintilor patati sau colorati din diverse motive: dinti devitalizati, dinti cu coloratii intriseci (administrare tetraciclina in copilarie) etc.

In ziua de astazi exista o gama variata de posibilitati prin care un pacient isi poate albi dintii. Sunt insa recomandate acele metode prin care exista un control din partea medicului stomatolog in vederea evitarii aparitiei unor complicatii (decolorari neuniforme, afectari ale gingiei inconjuratoare).

Exista deja doua metode consacrate prin care se poate realiza o albire profesionala a dintilor: prima dintre acestea presupune confectionarea unor gutiere (dispozitive din plastic ce se muleaza perfect pe arcada dentara) in care se va aplica, de catre pacient, seara, inainte de culcare, o anumita cantitate dintr-un gel ce contine ca substanta activa peroxidul de carbamida, acesta determinand practic albirea dintilor. Pacientul va dormi cu aceste gutiere, aplicate pe dinti, timp de 5-7 zile, in functie de rezultatul ce se doreste a fi obtinut. In tot acest timp pacientul va efectua vizite regulate la medicul stomatolog. Cea de-a doua metoda, este mult mai rapida si comoda pentru pacient. In acest caz albirea se realizeaza in cabinetul stomatologic, pe dintii pacientului aplicandu-se cu gel ce contine peroxid de hidrogen care este activat de catre o sursa de lumina cu plasma. Intregul proces de albire este fragmentat in trei sedinte, fiecare dintre ele cu o durata de 20 de minute.


Estetica dentara prin igienizarea dentara

Indepartarea tartrului se face printr-o metoda terapeutica numita detartraj. Acesta se poate realiza
1. cu instrumentar actionat manual
2. cu ultrasunete
3. cu aer comprimat (sonic)

Detartrajul manual si cel cu ultrasunete indeparteaza tartrul supragingival, pe cand cel subgingival este indepartat cu instrumente si chiurete de detartraj speciale si doar in parte, cu ultrasunete.

Cel mai des intalnit este detartrajul cu ultrasunete care are o actiune netraumatizanta pe dinti si gingii, e bine suportat si nedureros la persoanele adulte, echilibrate neuropshihic si care nu au dinti sensibili (hipersensibilitate dentinara) iar apa pulverizata de aparatul de detartraj elibereaza o presiune locala realizand curatirea zonei dar si indepartarea tartrului dislocat.

Este foarte important ca rezultatul detartrajului sa fie o suprafata perfect neteda, chiar lustruita pe care depunerea placii bacteriene si a tartrului sa nu fie favorizata. Acest rezultat se obtine, pe langa periajul profesional cu paste abrazive speciale, gume de lustruit si prin folosirea (Air-flow-lui) unui jet de apa si bicarbonat de sodiu (prophy-jet), bine tolerat si fara dureri care elimina si ultimele resturi de tartru intarziind viitoarele depuneri.

Printr-o tehnica de periaj corecta, prin folosirea apei de gura si a atei dentare nu doar ca se previne aparitia cariei dentare si a parodontopatiei, dar se si ingreuneaza aparitia placii bacteriene si implicit a tartrului dentar.

Estetica dentara prin bijuterii dentare

Bijuteriile dentare sunt accesorii de ultima ora, pe care orice domnisoara sau doamna doreste sa le poarte.

In numai 10 minute puteti avea un zambet nou, mai stralucitor.

Aplicarea bijuteriei pe dinte nu afecteaza deloc integritatea acesteia. Este vorba, poate, despre o “lipire” a bijuteriei pe dinte, realizata cu substante speciale.

Dupa un periaj rapid, se aplica pe locul dorit o picatura de demineralizant. Dupa 15 secunde se spala si se aplica adezivul. Se fotopolimerizeaza 60 secunde. Apoi se aplica bijuteria pe dinte impreuna cu foarte putin material compozit transparent. Se fotopolimerizeaza din nou si se finiseaza. Bijuteriile dentare exista intr-un numar foarte mare de forme si culori: de la bijuterii pe aur cu pietre pretioase (diamante, rubin, safir), pana la bijuterii din zirconiu sau cristal.


Autor: Dr. Lucian Fatu
Medic stomatologie generala
Clinica stomatologica Velvet Dental

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