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De ce sa folosim apa de gura?

apa de gura, ata dentara, bacterii, gingivita, halitoza, periuta de dinti, placa bacteriana, respiratie urat mirositoare
Dentist.ro | 12.02.2010



Pentru ca apa de gura patrunde in zonele greu accesibile si actioneaza asupra intregii cavitati bucale. Folosita in mod corect, de doua ori pe zi, timp de 30 de secunde, ea distruge majoritatea bacteriilor care formeaza placa dentara si previne aparitia acesteia.


Ce este apa de gura?


Apa de gura este un antiseptic care previne aparitia cariilor, a gingivitei si a respiratiei urat mirositoare (halitoza) prin indepartarea placii bacteriene. Nu inlocuieste periuta de dinti sau ata dentara dar este folosita si in indepartarea resturilor de mancare din cavitatea bucala.

Notiunea de apa de gura a aparut in China, acum 5000 de ani si era folosita impotriva gingivitei. A devenit foarte cunoscuta in perioada grecilor si a romanilor. In 1800, ideea a fost preluata si de evrei care obtineau un amestec de cereale si legume macerate si amestecate cu ulei de masline. In secolul 17, Anton van Leeuwenhoek, celebru biolog, a descoperit placa dentara si a realizat ca apa de gura o indeparteaza. Clorhexidina, componenta care facea acest lucru, a fost descoperita abia in 1960 de Harald Loe, profesor din Danemarca.


Are apa de gura efecte adverse?


Inca de la inceputurile apei de gura, au aparut produse care creau o bacterie anaeroba care provoca o secretie de substante in exces determinand aparitia respiratiei urat mirositoare si a unui gust neplacut in gura.

Unii cercetatori spun ca apa de gura cu alcool poate provoca aparitia cancerului bucal. Astfel, profesorul Michael McCullough a declarat ca produsul trebuie scos de pe piata si ca unele tipuri de apa de gura au o concentratie de alcool de 26% si pot duce astfel la cresterea riscului de imbolnavire de cancer bucal.

Cercetatorul australian care sustine ca apa de gura ar trebui vanduta doar cu reteta medicala, este contrazis de Asociatia Stomatologica Britanica care spune ca dovezile aduse nu sunt suficiente si ca este nevoie de mai multe studii. Ei nu considera insa ca apa de gura poate face rau consumatorilor, ci doar bine.


Si totusi ....


Afectiunile cronice de la nivelul cavitatii bucale sunt cauzate de lipsa unui ritual corect de igiena orala. Cele peste 400 de specii de bacterii din cavitatea bucala nu pot fi indepartate doar prin periaj si folosirea atei dentare. Astfel, este nevoie de mijloace suplimentare de curatare pentru intreaga cavitate bucala, nu doar pentru dinti.

Este de retinut insa ca apa de gura nu poate face minuni. Nu vindeca si nu previne cariile daca nu este completata de procesul de periaj realizat riguros de doua ori pe zi. Orice tip de apa de gura alegeti, naturala sau din comert, tineti minte ca folosirea ei trebuie insotita de o igiena orala corecta si de vizita la medicul stomatolog o data la 6 luni.

 

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