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Igiena orala si instrumentele dentare antice

Igiena orala si instrumentele dentare antice
Dentist.ro | 19.10.2010



Poate nu te-ai gandit cat de mult a evoluat domeniul stomatologiei si nici prin ce au trecut oamenii vremurilor trecute atunci cand venea vorba de a merge la medicul dentist. Ca sa-ti faci o parere te invitam sa citesti urmatorul articol.



Plombele



Majoritatea adultilor au cel putin o plomba in urma vizitei la medicul dentist, dupa ce acesta a curatat zona cariata si a aplicat o mixtura din diferite materiale(amalgam, rasini de compozite, ionomeri de sticla, aliaje de aur etc), avand rolul de a proteja zona dintelui care a fost afectata.




In perioada antica, mai exact pe vremea sumerienilor (anul 5000 I.H.) se credea ca exista niste “viermi ai dintilor” care sunt responsabili de carierea dintilor. Asemanarea  vine din faptul ca viermii “gauresc” plantelele, legumele sau lemnul, acelasi lucru se credea ca se intampla si in cazul dintilor. Aceasta idee a fost imprumutata si de alte civilizatii, in diferite momente ale istoriei, mai exact la egipteni, greci si chinezi.  Pana in anul 1300 “viermii dintelui” erau considerati responsabili de carierea dintilor. Chiar daca mai tarziu, povestea “viermilor” a luat sfarsit  prin faptul ca nu acestia erau responsabili de probleme dintilor.


Si cum au aflat acest lucru oamenii de pe vremuri? Simplu. Dupa ce au “forat” in structura dintelui, folosindu-se de instrumentele vremii, si-au dat seama ca nu sunt viermi in interiorul dintelui. Apoi, medicii dentisti din acea perioada au acoperit gaurile dintelui pentru a se asigura ca viermii nu pot intra. Si de atunci plombele intra in scena stomatologiei.


Puntile dentare


O punte dentara reprezinta o metoda de a acoperi spatiul creat in lipsa unor dinti. Cea mai veche dovada a existentei si aplicarii acesteia o avem de la civilizatia etrusca, datata din anul 700 d.H.  In acea perioada, arta de a crea dinti falsi era un mister total, majoritatea dintilor care acopereau spatiul din cavitatea bucala a unei persoane, proveneau din gurile persoanelor decedate. Egiptenii erau destul de avansati in privinta puntilor dentare.  Egiptenii “decorau” zambetul unei persoane cu o punte dentara care avea sarme de aur, cu rolul de a face legatura intre dinti.  Acestea au reprezentat  fenomenul “bling”, cunoscut azi sub denumirea de cosmetica dentara.



Extractie dentara


Instrumentul din imagine,  Pelicanul, a fost  inventat de un doctor francez,  Guy de Chauliac. Are forma unui cioc de pelican si a fost cel mai popular instrument folosit in extractia dentara pana la sfarsitul secolului al 18-lea.




Urmatoarea inventie legata de extractia dentara a aparut mai tarziu. Designul instrumentului este inspirat de chei, de unde si denumirea de “cheia dintilor”. Medicul dentist manuia acest instrument ca pe o cheie  in usa atunci cand venea vorba de o extractie dentara.



Igiena dentara


Azi, igiena orala face parte din viata noastra, a tuturor. Periutele de dinti (de la cele  mai simple pana la cele electrice) si tipurile de pasta de dinti sunt atat de diversificate si le gasesti oriunde in lume la un pret convenabil pentru fiecare dintre noi.

Cea mai veche periuta de dinti a fost descoperita in Egipt, creata cel mai probabil in jurul anului 3000 I.H. Acest stil de periuta de dinti nu a fost destul de populara si a iesit din peisaj odata cu faraonii. In schimb, chinezii au adoptat un tip de periuta. “Corpul” era confectionat din bambus, iar peria in sine este sunt aceeasi forma pe care o folosim si noi astazi. Firele erau confectionate din parul unui mistret siberian.Consumul de carne de mistret siberian in Europa a determinat fabricarea periutei de dinti din firele de par ale acestuia, imediat dupa ce chinezii deja il folosisera.



Firele dure de par de pe spatele animalului erau bune pentru indepartarea placii dentare, dar aveau tendinta de a rani gingiile. In consecinta, doar persoanele bogate isi permiteau sa aiba o periuta de dinti confectionata din parul cailor, iar pentru ca pretul cailor era foarte mare in Europa, periuta era destul de rar intalnita.



Aceste metode rudimentare de ingrijirea dintilor si tratarea afectiunilor dentare nu ne fac decat sa ne bucuram ca nu traim in acea perioada. Azi acele instrumente  nu sunt decat piese de muzeu. In cabinetul medicului dentist, nu o sa gasim niciodata un forceps pentru exctactia dentara la fel ca cel din imaginea de mai sus. Periutele de dinti le schimbam o data la 3 luni nu ajung niciodata sa arate astfel, iar puntile dentare nu vor avea acesta infatisare, datorita avansului tehnologic al erei in care traim.


Sursa: roadtickle.com

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