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Totul despre cariile dentare (I)

afectiuni dentare, bacterii, carii, igiena orala, placa bacteriana, tratarea cariilor
Dentist.ro | 26.11.2009



Pentru a intelege cum se produc cariile dentare este important sa clarificam ce se intampla in cavitatea  bucala in mod natural. Iata cateva elemente:

Saliva -cavitatea bucala este constant scaldata in saliva. De multe ori nu acordam importanta acestui fluid, insa acesta are un rol aparte in protejarea sanatati orale. Saliva actioneaza ca un burete care iti curata dintii de resturile de mancare. De asemenea, contine minerale care intaresc dintii. Are rol de protejare impotriva virusilor si a bacteriilor.

 Placa- este moale, o substanta care se lipeste de dinti, la fel cum se lipeste dulceata de lingura. Contine bacterii si alte organisme. Placa se fomeaza atunci cand bacteria ataca dintele, incepe sa se inmulteasca si atunci cand dintele este curatat. Placa bacteriana se formeaza  in aproximativ o ora, dupa ce ai mancat. Pe masura ce trece timpul, placa se ingroasa.

Bacteriile- cavitatea bucala are multe tipuri de bacterii. Unele bacterii sunt bune, ajuta la controlul bacteriilor destructive. Atunci cand vine vorba de bacterii destructive, Streptococcus mutans si Lactobacilli sunt cele care provoaca cele mai multe daune dintilor.

 Cum ti se cariaza dintii?


Bacteria din cavitatea bucala se hraneste cu resturile alimentare pe care le gaseste pe dintii tai, traieste si se inmulteste. Atunci cand consumi mancaruri pe baza de zaharuri sau alti carbohidrati, bacteria ii foloseste la randul ei pentru a se hrani. Bacteria produce acizi care ataca smaltul dintilor.

Nu vorbim aici doar depre inghetata sau despre bomboane. Toate alimentele cu continut de carbohidrati se descompun in zaharuri simpli. Aici este inclusa si glocoza si fructoza. Unele procese incep in cavitatea bucala.

Bacteria din cavitatea bucala transforma zaharurile din mancare in acizi, care incep sa dizolve cristalele minerale din dinti. Cu cat mananci de mai multe ori pe zi, cu atat dintii tai sunt expusi atacului acizilor. Acest proces poate duce la aparitia cariilor dentare. In prima faza, acizii incep sa dizolve calciul si cristalele de fosfat din interiorul dintilor. Este posibila aparitia unui punct alb pe zona dintelui slabit. Piederea mineralelor se produce sub smaltul dintilor, de aceea suprafata dintelor poate fi inca neteda.

In aceasta etapa, dintele poate fi reparat cu ajutorul fluorului, proteinelor si mineralelor(calciu si fosfat) din saliva. Aceasta din urma, reduce nivelul bacteriilor care ataca dintele.

Odata ce caria se produce si e vizibila pe suprafata dintelui, paguba e permanenta. Un medic dentist trebuie sa curete caria si sa umple locul fostei carii. Daca o carie nu este tratata la timp, aceasta se va inrautati. Poate distruge dintele penetrand smaltul lui, ajungand in interiorul stratului de dentina, coborand catre pulpa sau nervul dintelui. De aceea este extrem de important sa tratam la timp cariile intr-un stadiu prematur al dezvoltarii lor.
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