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Totul despre cariile dentare (II)

afectiuni parodontale, apa de gura, ata dentara, bacterii, caria de biberon, carii, gingii, smaltul dintilor
Dentist.ro | 27.11.2009



Tipuri de carii


Copii pot avea carii de biberon. Acestea distrug smaltul dintilor destul de repede, fiind destul de des intalnite la copii care au obiceiul de a adormi cu sticluta cu lapte sau cu ceai. Biberonul expune constant dintii copilului la carbohidratii din lapte. Bacteria se inmulteste repede si produce acizii care in scurt timp ataca dintii.

Carierea dintilor se inrautateste daca parintii nu obisnuiesc curatarea dintilor copilului. Caria avanseaza repede patrunzand prin smaltul dintilor de lapte , lasandu-si amprenta in cateva luni.

 La adulti, radacinile dintilor sunt expuse la carii, in urma unui periaj dur din timpul anilor sau din cauza unor afectiuni parodontale. De asemenea, adultii sunt predispusi la a avea gura uscata (xerostomia). Scaderea cantitatii de saliva atrage de la sine protectia redusa a dintilor si aparitia cariilor. Cauza aparitiei xerostomiei poate fi folosirea unor medicamente. Intreaba medicul sau farmacistul daca unul dintre medicamentele pe care le folosesti in mod frecvent cauzeaza uscarea cavitatii bucale.

De asemenea, cariile se pot forma si in spatele plombelor sau a altor lucrari dentare, din cauza acumularilor resturilor alimentare, in locurile greu accesibile periajului.

 Cum previi cariile dentare?


Cercetarile in domeniu au demonstrat ca anumiti factori pot duce la aparitia cariilor. Acestia sunt:

-mostenirea genetica
-obiceiuri precare de igiena orala
-cantitatea redusa de saliva si dezechilibrul de minerale, ezime pe care aceasta le contine
-tipurile de alimente pe care le consumi (in special carbohidratii)

 Intreaba-ti medicul dentist despre cea mai buna metoda de a reduce riscurile aparitiei cariilor si cum poti preveni acest proces.

Pentru prevenirea aparitiilor cariilor, poti face doua lucruri:


-apara-ti dintii cu fluor si agenti care au in continut calciu si fosfati
-reduci numarul de bacterii din cavitatea bucala,reducand consumul de alimente bogate in zaharuri si carbohidrati

Flourul penetreaza dintii. Ii intareste prin inlocuirea mineralelor care au fost distruse de acizi. Beneficiile aduse de utilizarea fluorului au fost descoperite inca din anii ’30. Medicii dentisti au observat ca persoanele care consumau apa cu un continut natural de flour au avut fost mai putin expusi la a avea carii. In 1945, comunitatile au inceput sa adauge fluor in sistemul comun de distribuire a apei, acest proces reprezentand metoda cea mai de succes in prevenirea cariilor.

La inceputul anilor ’60, fluorul a fost introdus in pastele de dinti, avand de asemenea un impact mare in prevenirea cariilor. Astazi, aproape toate pastele de dinti pe care le gasim pe rafturile magazinelor au in compozitia lor fluor. Unii medici dentisti recomanda uneori folosirea unei paste de dinti cu un continut ridicat de flour, geluri si apa de gura, atat pentru copii cat si pentru adulti.

Ca sa controlezi cantitatea de bacterii din cavitatea orala, trebuie sa:


- te speli pe dinti de doua ori pe zi
- folosesti ata dentara
- reduci consumul de carbohidrati fermentabili
-folosesti apa de gura
-folosesti guma de mestecat fara zahar, in special cele cu xilitol
-mergi la medicul dentist regulat.

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