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Trateaza-ti dintii sensibili!

carii, control stomatologic, dinti sensibili | 12.01.2010

Ai senzatia de durere cand bei lichide calde sau reci? Sau cand consumi alimente dulci, acre, acide? Sau in contact cu aerul rece? Daca raspunsul este da, motivul este sensibilitatea dintilor tai. In termeni medicali, suferi de hiperestezie sau hipersensibilitate dentinara.

Ce este sensibilitatea dentara?

Sensibilitatea dentara este durerea dentara scurta, disconfortul provocat de stimuli termici (lichide calde, reci),chimici (dulce, acru) sau mecanici (atingere, presiune).

Dintii tai sunt protejati de gingie si de smalt. Indepartarea unui element de protectie din cele doua – smalt, gingie - favorizeaza patrunderea factorilor externi – alimente calde, reci, acide, dulci - pana la dentina (stratul intern al dintilor) si nerv. Retragerea gingiei sau indepartarea smaltului sunt cele doua cauze principale ale hipersensibilitatii dentinare.

Cand devin dintii tai sensibili?

Dintii tai devin sensibili atunci cand periajul este puternic, agresiv. In timp, periajul dintilor devine un reflex, iar cand ne spalam pe dinti tindem sa-i curatam apasand periuta de dinti, printr-un periaj abraziv. Periajul cu presiune puternica duce la retragerea gingiei.

Igiena orala precara duce la aparitia placii, a tartrului, a cariilor, a gingivitelor. Afectiunile dentare provoaca indepartarea gingiei.

Alimentatia bogata in agenti chimici indeparteaza smaltul.

Trateaza-ti dintii sensibili!

Sensibilitatea dentara este o afectiune foarte des intalnita. Studiile arata ca 1 din 4 romani adulti  au senzatia de durere provocata de dintii sensibili. Din pacate, prea putini dintre acestia realizeaza ca se afla in fata unei probleme dentare cu adevarat importante.

Cum tratam dintii sensibili?

Pasta de dinti. Foloseste o pasta de dinti special creata pentru dintii sensibili (Sensitive) ! Pasta de dinti pentru dintii sensibili contine compusi - nitrat de potasiu - care ajuta la blocarea senzatiei de durere. Renunta la pasta de dinti pentru albire sau antitartru, deoarece acesta are o actiune abraziva asupra dintilor!

Din aceeasi gama pentru dinti sensibili trebuie sa alegem si apa de gura - cu un continut ridicat de fluor.

Periuta de dinti si periajul. Periajul dintilor trebuie sa fie facut in mod corect, prin miscari verticale (sus-jos), cel putin 3 minute la fiecare spalare pe dinti. Periaza-ti dintii atent, dar nu agresiv! Presiunea rezultata din apasarea dintilor la periaj, poate afecta gingia. Pentru un periaj corect si fara dureri poti folosi o periuta electrica, special conceputa pentru a stopa curatatul dintilor cand presiunea este prea mare. Innoieste-ti periuta la un interval de 3 luni!

Alimentatia. Aciditatea alimentelor – legumele prajite, sucurile carbogazoase, dulciurile – este unul dintre cei mai mari dusmani ai sanatatii dentare. Contribuie la un zambet sanatos mancand sanatos!

Vizita la dentist. Sensibilitatea dentara trebuie sa fie tratata cu atentia cuvenita, la fel ca orice alta durere. Urmarea sfatului medicului dentist si controlul periodic sunt cele doua reguli de aur in tratarea corecta a dintilor.

Igiena orala sanatoasa previne sensibilitatea dintilor.

Autor: Simona Paun

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