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Esti aici: Dentist > Articole stomatologie > Sanatatea orala > Tutunul dauneaza grav danturii

Tutunul dauneaza grav danturii

afectiuni dentare, cancer oral, cauze halitoza, gingivita, halitoza
Dentist.ro | 27.10.2009



Zilnic vedem diverse mesaje cu privire la renuntarea la fumat. De cele mai multe ori, asociem fumatul cu bolile pulmonare sau de inima, insa putini dintre noi stim ca jumatate din bolile gingivale ale fumatorilor sunt cauzate de acest viciu.

De obicei, primele consecinte ale fumatului sunt respiratia urat mirositoare (halitoza) si aparitia petelor cafeniu-inchis pe dinti.  Desi pentru majoritatea  implicatiile fumatului sunt in primul rand de ordin estetic, acesta duce la dezvoltarea cariilor si a afectiunilor gingivale.


Efectele fumatului nu se rezuma doar la aparitia bolilor gingivale, ci chiar ingreuneaza tratarea acestora. Fumatorii au sanse mai reduse ca un implant sa fie efectuat cu succes, iar persoanele care sufera de boli gingivale au probleme cu coroanele si puntile dentare.


Fumatul  poate agrava bolile gingivale. Unele studii au aratat ca fumatorii au mai mult tartru decat nefumatorii, acest lucru fiind cauzat de cantitatea scazuta de saliva din cavitatea bucala. De asemenea, chimicalele prezente in tigari afecteaza circulatia sangelui in gingii, incetinind procesul de vindecare a diverselor plagi, si indirect eficienta tratamentului.


Unii cercetatori spun ca, renuntand la tigari, se reduce riscul imbolnavirii. Chiar si reducerea numarului de tigari fumate pe zi poate aduce imbunatatiri semnificative sanatatii orale. Rezultatele unui studiu arata ca persoanele care fumeaza mai mult de un pachet si jumatate de tigari pe zi sunt expuse unui risc de 6 ori mai mare de a dezvolta o afectiune gingivala in comparatie cu nefumatori, iar cei care fumeaza mai putin de un pachet de tigari pe zi prezinta un risc de 3 ori mai mare decat nefumatorii.


Fumatul este unul din factorii care declanseaza aparitia cancerului oral. Un studiu al Societatii Americane de Cancer  arata ca aproximativ 90% dintre persoanele care sufera de cancer bucal si anumite tipuri de cancer la gat, au fumat. Tutunul din tigari sau pipe poate duce la aparitia cancerului in orice loc al gurii sau al gatului. Pipa poate cauza si cancerul buzelor.


Parerea specialistului:


S-ar parea ca tutunul determina distrugerea celulelor din mucoasa orala si oro-faringiana cauzand cresterea rapida a unor celule anormale in cursul proceselor de reparatie tisulara. Cercetari clinice si experimentale au demonstrat implicarea in aparitia cancerului oral a unor substante chimice ce determina modificari ale ADN-ului celular cu producerea de celule mutante. Aceste substante sunt reprezentate de gudroanele rezultate in urma arderii tutunului si a foitei de tigara in care au fost identificate aproximativ 12 hidrocarburi aromatice policiclice cu efect carcinogenetic (cele mai cunoscute fiind benz-antracenul, benzpirenul, metil-colantrenul).


Riscul aparitiei cancerului oral este in principal legat de numarul de tigari consumate pe zi precum si de perioada de timp in care s-a practicat fumatul. Riscul unui fost fumator de a dezvolta un cancer in sfera orala devine egal cu cel al unui nefumator abia dupa 10 ani de la renuntarea la fumat.”


Dr. Raluca Boatca, Medic Stomatolog Competenta Chirurgie Dento-alveolara, Clinica Stomatologica Velvet Dental

Citeste alte articole despre: afectiuni dentare , cancer oral , cauze halitoza , gingivita , halitoza
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